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Evaluation of DMFT and CPITN Indices amongUsers of Various Drugs
Khadijeh Abdal mahmoodabadi * , Roozegar MohamadAli , Reza Valizadeh
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, School of Dentistry, Ilam University of Medical sciences, Ilam, Iran
Abstract:   (33 Views)
Background:Due to the fact that addiction, in addition to social and economic problems, can cause serious oral health complications and impose huge costs of treatment and the elimination of oral health problems among addicts, the present study was conducted to investigate DMFT and CPITN indices among drug users in Ilam's addiction treatment center. Methods:The present ecological, descriptive and cross sectional study was conducted in Ilam's addiction center and all people who visited the centers for drug rehabilitation for one month were closely examined and studied. Clinical examinations were performed by the dentist in order to evaluate DMFT and CPITN indices. The collected data was analyzed by SPSS version 18. Fisher's statistical method (Chi-square) was used to examine the individual information and oral indices. Results: Most of the patients were aged between 30 to 40 years and their mean age was 42.16±5.6; the youngest subject was 20 and the eldest was 77 years old, who were addicted to marijuana and opium. 197 (97.5%) male and 5 (2.5%) female subjects were studied. 130 patients (64.5%) were addicted to opium, 26 (12.8%) to heroine, 20 (9.9%), 11 (5.4%) to crack 15 (7.4%) were addicted to marijuana. 147 (73%) of addicts had dyspepsia problem and 98 (48.5%) had severe dental sensitivity. Temporomandibular-joint disorders were observed in 84 (42%) patients; severe gingival bleeding was observed in 42 cases. The mean DMFT index turned out to be 15.8 in this study. The results of this study showed that there is a significant relationship between the type of drug used and the duration of addiction. Drug users in this study had an inappropriate oral and dental health status. Conclusion :Therefore, proper oral health and preventive dental care interventions in addiction are strongly recommended treatment centers.
Keywords: DMFT, CPITN, Addiction, Oral health, Drugs.
: Cross sectional |
Received: 2019/08/25 | Accepted: 2019/09/25 | Published: 2020/03/15
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Abdal mahmoodabadi K, MohamadAli R, Valizadeh R. Evaluation of DMFT and CPITN Indices amongUsers of Various Drugs. 3. 2020; 2 (4)
URL: http://newresearch.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-504-en.html

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